Parking spaces in North America are generally between 7.5 to 9-feet wide and 10 to 20-feet deep. You must factor in enough depth to fit the car, as well as space to back in and out of the spot.
These averages vary depending upon parking lot usage, and even the state you are in. If you are talking about a parking lot that will only be used for valet services, parking spots can be more compact, especially in regards to length because you don’t need to factor in backing out of the spot. Compact parking spots and handicap spots add additional sizing factors.
How Big Is A Compact Parking Spot?
A compact parking spot generally measures between 7 and 8-feet wide and 15 to 21-feet long.
One-third of all parking spots can be reserved for compact motor parking. If possible, compact spaces should be grouped together. They should be appropriately marked with signs stating they are only to be used by compact vehicles. There should be a collection of them located within close proximity to the building or location served by the parking lot.
How Big Are Handicap Parking Spots?
According to the American Disabilities Association (ADA), handicap parking spots should be 8-feet wide. Additionally, the amount of free space between adjoining parking spots must be at least 5-feet wide. The amount of space between van accessible spots and adjoining spots is often 8-feet. This allows plenty of room to accommodate loading and unloading of wheelchairs and walkers.
The ADA ensures qualified handicap persons have access to public parking spaces and building entrances. Reserved handicap parking must be located within close proximity to the building, or the walkway entrance that leads to the location served by the parking lot.
There must be a certain number of handicap spots based upon how many spots are in the parking lot overall. For instance, a parking lot with 1-25 parking spaces needs to have at least 1 handicap spot. While parking lots with 25-50 spots must have at least 2 handicap spaces. Here’s a breakdown of how it works:
- 1-25 parking spots = 1 handicap space
- 26-50 parking spots = 2 handicap spaces
- 51-75 parking spots = 3 handicap spaces
- 76-100 parking spots = 4 handicap spaces
- 101-150 parking spots = 5 handicap spaces
- 151-200 parking spots = 6 handicap spaces
- 201-300 parking spots = 7 handicap spaces
- 301-400 parking spots = 8 handicap spaces
- 401-500 parking spots = 9 handicap spaces
- 501-1000 parking spots = 2% of total spaces
- 1001 + parking spots = 20 + 1 additional space for every 100 spots after 1,001
Additionally, 1 in every 8 handicap spots must be van accessible.
Depending on the nature of your location you may need more handicap spots than outlined above. For instance, rehabilitation centers and hospitals have higher requirements for handicap parking.
How Big Are Van Accessible Handicap Spots?
Van accessible handicap spots are 11-feet wide. They must also have appropriate barrier space between the next parking spot, measuring between 5 and 8-feet in space. If the parking spot is covered, it must have adequate height to accommodate tall vans.
How Big Must Landscape Safety Barriers Be?
Landscaped safety islands are included in most parking lot designs. They should measure at least 3-feet wide and 6-inches tall, they can be lower at point(s) of access.
By law, all parking lots that are adjacent to a street or sidewalk must have an island of vegetation that operates as a safety perimeter. The building inspector must approve a durable bumper guard built around the landscaping in order to protect it from getting crushed by cars.
Parking Lot Paving
The paving and striping of parking lots is just as important as overall size and availability of spots. All parking spots need to be paved following the specifications outlined by the city engineer. Properly paving the parking lot is fundamental to its long-term survival. Poorly poured asphalt leads to the development of potholes, drainage issues and other costly mishaps.
Kleenco Construction is trusted to pave parking lots for some of the biggest companies in America. There’s a reason for that: We know how to get the job done right the first time around! Contact us today to learn more.